- All project activities at the village level are being undertaken in Joint Forest Management (JFM) mode. These activities have started with Community Mobilization. For the activities in JFM mode, services of local NGOs have been sought to catalyze societal input much needed for long term sustainability of the project activities.
- Activities of the components of Afforestation, Agro Forestry and Water Conservation Structures shall be conducted in 590 villages. (340 villages in 10 districts in desert area (Barmer, Bikaner, Churu, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Nagaur, Pali, Sikar and Jhunjhunu districts) and 250 villages in 5 districts in non-desert area (Bhilwara, Banswara, Dungarpur, Jaipur and Sirohi districts). All activities in Afforestation, Agro Forestry and Water Conservation Structure shall be undertaken by Village Forest Protection and Management Committee (VFPMC) with support from RFD.
- Biodiversity Conservation component shall be undertaken in 60 villages in the 2 km fringe area of the selected Protected Areas (7 sanctuaries). Village Level Works such as Drainage Line Treatment works, development of water points, closures for biodiversity conservation are conducted by Eco Development Committee (EDC). Activities such as in-situ conservation of germ-plasm and development of biological parks shall be implemented directly by RFD. Poverty Alleviation and Livelihood Improvement and Capacity Development component shall be undertaken in all project villages.